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Fiat Addiction Update 09/12/2011

      With this morning’s financial news, we are observing the accelerating deterioration in financial markets in Asia and Europe. The equity investment indices only foreshadow the underlying currency issues. Investment runs on access to debt, these days. We see that the world is crying out for more of the poison debt pill to get it’s next “high”.  We are seeing the addiction to fiat currencies getting to the point of no return. The point of diminishing returns was reached, long ago. We have seen so many reports, stating the obvious. The solutions presented are clearly self-destructive. Printing currencies into irrelevance is about to impale the nations of the world on the sword of fraud. The central banks are about to be overcome by the lie that they can perpetuate false instruments and survive.

Read the rest of this entry »


Unnatural Law: Debt vs. Security

Unnatural Law
                                                                Debt vs. Security
The functional parameters of the concepts Debt and Security are black-and-white opposites. The contrast is so sharp that the use of the word “Securities” in investment circles is a fraudulent misrepresentation for the purpose of commercial promotion. There is nothing secure about paper. Ask Bernie Madoff’s investors. Read the rest of this entry »

What is the definition of “dollar”?

Harmon Taylor explains things so directly and logically. I hope this helps explain why we have so much confusion about money, today. You can subscribe to Harmon’s FREE newsletter at the link on the bottom of this post.

The answer, of course, is, “That depends.”

11 November A.D. 2009

Depends on what? At least two things: (1) The fundamental “choice of law,” of course, and (2) the time (period) of focus for that “choice of law.”

Several very beneficial exchanges of ideas have followed from the recent note about Jim Ewart’s book, “Money–Ye Shall Have Honest Weights And Measures.”

There truly is no issue more foundational to our getting our minds around our present legal reality than the Money/”funny money” issue. There may be some points equally foundational, but there is no point more foundational than the Money issue.

Included below are some website links, and some content within those sites, regarding the definition of “dollar.” This very first link goes to great trouble to distinguish (A) the definition of “dollar,” which is in terms of a weight of fine grains of silver, from (B) the definition or purity ratio of this or that “coin,” e.g., the “Eagle,” which coin happens, unfortunately, to be stamped with the term or symbol of “dollar,” along with a fixed numerical number of “dollars.” That discussion encourages our understanding of certain very significant details in this study of Money.

Why do we talk about Money? Because in the “place” called “this state” there is no definition of a “dollar,” period. Thus, the definitions for “dollar” that are included below are valuable and relevant ONLY to a “Law of the Land”-based system. They have no relevance to a “Law of the Sea”-based system, such as the system(s) in/of “this state.”

To understand that “dollar” IS defined, in terms of grains of fine silver, for one choice of law, and IS NOT defined, at all, for the other choice of law, is to recognize the “best evidence” of the duality of the “choice of law” that we need to come to terms with in order to recognize the legal mechanisms being used against us.

Again, “dollar” is defined for purposes of Law of the Land, and it’s defined in terms of grains of fine silver. “Dollar” is not defined for purposes of Law of the Sea, at all. Thus, “dollar” is “defined” on a per-transaction basis in “this state.” In other words, in “this state,” the term “dollar” takes on much more of a “choice of law” meaning/reference than an economic meaning/reference.

To understand why “time” is mentioned, let’s look at what should be a couple of intuitively obvious examples. (A) People used to be drawn and quartered. Why has that stopped? Because, “in time,” the moral response to, moral evaluation of, that form of punishment has changed. (B) Horse thieves used to be punished by hanging. Why is horse-stealing no longer a death penalty offense? Because, “in time,” the moral response to, moral evaluation of, that crime has changed.

Why, then, has the definition of “dollar” changed? Because, “in time,” the moral connection to, commitment to, the Scriptural standard has changed.

“Law” is a moving target. The “law” is different not only geographically but also within one “place” through time. (This “change in time” factor tends to be a huge stumbling block for many pro se litigants these days, who don’t appreciate, yet, the distinctions between the concepts generally applicable prior to the JFK assassination, i.e., while we still had an honest system of weights and measures in general circulation, and the concepts generally applicable after the JFK assassination, i.e., after the “passing” of the UCC, which exists for the primary purpose of justifying circulation of “funny money” at the “state” level. The fundamental “choice of law” changed when the “money” changed.) One of the best discussions about this “change in time” factor is the book, “U.S. of A. v. U.S., — The Loss of Legal Memory of the American States,” by Kegley, Henderson, and Wahler (HKW Publishing 2006).

In this context, what we “see” in the money issue is the classic dichotomy. We get to pick our Master. If we pick God, then we use His Standards for the Law, including His Standard for an honest system of weights and measures. If we pick “man,” then we use “man’s” standards for the law, including “man’s” standards for the fiat, i.e., “funny money,” system.

To supplement my five-part study of Money from the Scriptural side, which should still be available on the web at this link,  (a 5-part series), I send you the information that follows.

That information is just a sampling of the information available via the internet. To find a whole slew of sites that talk about the definition of “dollar” (which information gets rather repetitive after a while), do a search using this string: silver dollar grains (those three terms, no quote marks).

Harmon L. Taylor
Legal Reality
Dallas, Texas

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Nine-Tenths Pure
A quiet evening perusing the world wide web reveals a surplus of web sites attempting to discuss various monetary issues. Invariably, one of the more common topics is “constitutional” currency. This essay does not address the political side of those discussions, but provides several facts and clarifications. The objective is to show that a person can be easily misled while researching such topics. If anything, perusing the web reveals there is much confusion about “constitutional” currency.

Consider the following statement:

The U.S. Coinage Act of 1792 specifically defined a dollar as “one twentieth of an ounce of gold (25.8 grains of 90 percent fine) or a silver coin containing one ounce of silver (412.5 grains of 90 percent fine).”

Fact: There was indeed a Coinage Act passed in 1792. You can a read a copy at this web site.

Fiction: The U.S. Coinage Act of 1792 specifically defined a dollar as “one twentieth of an ounce of gold (25.8 grains of 90 percent fine).”

Fiction: The U.S. Coinage Act of 1792 specifically defined a dollar as “…a silver coin containing one ounce of silver (412.5 grains of 90 percent fine).”


The Act of 1792 established a definition of a dollar. A dollar was defined as a coin containing 371.25 grains of silver and 416 total grains of metal (silver and alloy). The purity ratio was 1445:1664. Thus, a dollar was not a unit of value, but a unit of weight based upon a precious metal commodity.

The Act of 1792 established a coin called an Eagle. An Eagle was defined as containing 247.5 grains of gold and 270 grains total metal. The purity ratio was 11:12. By statute the Eagle was established with a market exchange value of 10 dollars.

The Act of 1834 redefined the Eagle to contain 232 grains of gold and 258 grains total metal, thereby establishing a new purity mixture ratio of 232:258. The Eagle maintained a market exchange value of 10 dollars.

The Act of 1837 changed the purity ratio of both silver and gold coin to 900:1000 (9/10 purity). The new ratio changed the total metal grains of a silver dollar coin to 412.5, but did not alter the original silver content of 371.25.

The Act of 1837 maintained the 1834 total metal content of the Eagle at 258 grains, thus with the new purity ratio established a gold content of 232.2 grains.

The Act of 1849 created a new gold dollar coin to contain 25.8 grains of total metal and maintained the purity ratio of 900:1000. The Act also created the Double Eagle or $20 gold piece.


The following numbers are useful when discussing precious metal coins:

* 1 grain = 0.06479891 grams
* 1 pound, Troy = 373.2417216 grams;
* 1 pound, Troy = 12 ounces, Troy;
* 1 pound, Troy = 5,760 grains;
* 1 ounce, Troy = 480 grains

Many people erroneously refer to the dollar as containing an ounce of silver.

A Troy ounce contains 480 grains (5,760 ÷ 12 = 480). Therefore, by definition a dollar cannot contain one ounce of silver, but approximately 0.7734 of an ounce (371.25 ÷ 480 = 0.7734).

Using the numbers for a standard silver dollar coin as mentioned in the Act of 1792 (standard silver is normal grade ore, not purified), the numbers would be 416 ÷ 480 = 0.8667, still short of an ounce.

In the Troy system of weights and measurement, “one-twentieth of an ounce” (.05 ounces) would contain 24 grains (480×1/20 = 24), not 25.8 grains. Although many people refer to gold as at one time being 1/20 of an ounce, that number is actually an approximation/average of the various coinage acts as Congress tried to regulate the exchange value of gold coin. More importantly for this discussion, notice that the Act of 1792 never used such terminology as “one twentieth of an ounce of gold.” (In fact, try searching the entire Act for the word ounce or ounces.)

As a side note, the Avoirdupois measurement system defines one pound as 16 ounces and contains 437.5 grains per ounce.


Section 9 of The Coinage Act of 1792 established the definition of a dollar as “three hundred and seventy-one grains and four sixteenth parts of a grain of pure, or four hundred and sixteen grains of standard silver.”

The Act established silver as the standard bearer of the definition of a dollar, not gold. Section 20 defined the dollar as the “money of account.” However, Section 9 of the Act established a gold coin called an Eagle, to have an exchange value of 10 dollars. If you read the Act you will notice that there was no gold dollar coin. Only Eagles, Half Eagles, and Quarter Eagles.

By establishing a gold coin for circulation, Congress was exercising its constitutional mandate to regulate the value of coins. Congress was not establishing two definitions of a dollar.

Section 11 introduced a gold exchange ratio of 15 to 1, according to weight. Therefore, under the Act of 1792, although a dollar was defined as 371.25 grains of silver, gold exchanged for a dollar at 24.75 grains of gold. Mathematically then, we can calculate that an Eagle ($10) contained 247.5 grains of gold (10 x 371.25 ÷ 15). Section 9 of the Act defined the Eagle as containing “two hundred and forty-seven grains and four eighths” of pure gold. Notice the numbers match the calculations and therefore the two sections of the Act agree. Apparently members of Congress back then possessed a good grasp of mathematics.


In 1792 a $10 Eagle contained 247.5 grains of gold. Therefore, a dollar—in terms of gold—was 24.75 (247.5 ÷ 10) grains of gold. An equivalent dollar in terms of ounces of gold would have been 24.75 ÷ 480 = .0515625 oz., or about 1/19.4 (19.393939) of an ounce. The reciprocal of that number implies that an ounce of gold had a purchasing power of $19.39.

Similarly, because a dollar was defined as 371.25 grains of silver, under the Troy system that equals 0.77344 ounces. In other words, the ratio of one dollar to ounces is 1:0.77344. Taking the reciprocal of that ratio means there are 1.29 dollars in an ounce, or $1.29/oz. However, bear in mind that statutorily declaring that silver is fixed at $1.29/oz. is an arbitrary mathematical relationship, not a market exchange relationship. Such a numerical relationship has meaning as a standard only.

Using the 1792 purity ratio numbers, calculating total grains of metal in a silver dollar would be 416 (371.25 ÷ [1485/1664] ) and for a gold Eagle 270 ( [10 × 371.25 ÷ 15] ÷ [11/12] ). Those are the exact numbers seen in Section 9.

In 1792, although no gold dollar coin existed, using those same numbers to calculate the equivalent gold in a dollar, there would be 24.75 grains of gold (247.5 ÷ 10), but total grains in the coin would be 27.

The Coinage Act of 1792 established one unit of account—the dollar—but provided a bimetallic system of coinage. That two forms of metal would circulate as currency was not a problem in itself, but some problems of bimetallism quickly became apparent soon after enacting the Act. Congress tried to make the two types of coin equal in purchasing power. If Congress had merely fixed the weight of the Eagle (or vice-versa with silver), the market would have determined the purchasing power of the Eagle with respect to the silver dollar coin. That decision likely would have kept both types of metal in circulation. Unfortunately, the Act fixed the exchange rate of gold coin. Soon after enacting the Act, for consumer reasons the commodity value of gold appreciated; thus the value of the Eagle as currency was less than the market value as a commodity; and gold soon ceased circulation as currency.


After many years with almost no gold coin in circulation, in 1834 Congress attempted to correct the problem by changing the gold exchange ratio to approximately 16 to 1. Congress therefore reduced in the Eagle the number of grains to 232 (10×371.25 ÷ 16 = 232). Total grains of metal was established at 258.

This Act was intended to encourage gold to reenter circulation and that indeed did happen. Yet, as you might imagine, the market again determined the perceived value of both metals as commodities. Later, discovery of new gold deposits (Australia and California) flooded the market with gold. By being more abundant for currency circulation than silver, silver coins soon dropped from circulation and became more valuable as a commodity than as currency. Gresham’s law took effect and silver almost completely ceased circulating as currency.

In 1834, an equivalent dollar in terms of gold was 23.2 grains of gold. A dollar in terms of ounces of gold would have been 23.2 ÷ 480 = .04833 oz., or about 1/20.69 (20.6896) of an ounce. The reciprocal of that number implies that an ounce of gold had a purchasing power of $20.69.


Notice the Act of 1792 has no “9/10” rule of purity. Section 12 of the 1792 Act defined the purity of gold coins to be 11:12 (.9167) and Section 13 defined the purity of silver coins to be 1485:1664 (.8924). The 1834 Act changed only the gold ratio of an Eagle.

This “9/10 pure” content is often found in many essays at many web sites but is incorrect when used in reference to the 1792 and 1834 Acts. The precious metal content of both silver and gold coin were close to a 9/10 ratio, but that is all. However, there is a basis for the “9/10 pure” ratio. The Coinage Act of 1837 changed the precious metal content of both coins to a 900:1000 ratio.

The 1837 Act maintained the silver content of the dollar at 371.25 grains; thus changing the total grains of metal (silver and alloy) from 416 to 412.5.

With that new ratio the Coinage Act of 1837 also adjusted the gold content of the Eagle to 232.2 grains (258 grains total metal and 23.22 grains for an equivalent dollar).

Using a ratio of 9/10 pure, the commonly seen number of 25.8 grains of gold can be derived by dividing 23.22 by 0.90. However, those numbers apply only to the Act of 1837, not the Acts of 1792 or 1834. That is, the 1837 Eagle contained 232.2 grains of gold (258 grains total metal), not the 1792 or 1834 Eagle.

Although the Acts of 1834 and 1837 combined with the subsequent gold rushes caused gold to be the standard coin of circulation, the fact remains that the nation was still on a statutory silver standard because the definition of a dollar remained unchanged. However, for much of that time the United States was on a populist gold standard.

The Coinage Act of 1849 introduced a gold coin that had a market exchange value equivalent to a silver dollar coin. However, that coin was not declared the unit of value or account. The gold dollar coin was considered a subset of the Eagle series (Eagle, Half-Eagle, Quarter-Eagle), but because silver had all but vanished from circulation as currency, Congress introduced the gold “dollar” coin. The purity ratio of that coin was the same as the other coins (900:1000). That ratio was maintained into the next century. Additionally, notice that Congress maintained the 16:1 ratio between silver and gold. That fixed ratio between gold and silver would continually agitate the American monetary system.


This essay shows that although there are many meaningful and sincere people all trying to help reform current monetary policy, many fictions float around the web disguised as fact. We hope you will forward this educational information to your friends and neighbors.$1trade.html

The market in question was the Orient, particularly China. Some U.S. silver had found its way to that region previously, but now a full-fledged offensive was planned. The Chinese had shown a decided preference for silver coins, and up to then the bulk of American trade with China had been carried out with Spanish and Mexican dollars. The trade dollar’s architects set out to supplant those rivals by giving the new coin a higher silver content. They even had it inscribed on the coin: “420 GRAINS, 900 FINE.” At first glance, the trade dollar looks much like a regular silver dollar. It’s the same diameter and about the same weight as its predecessor the Seated Liberty dollar, and its portraiture is similar: a seated female figure representing Liberty on the obverse and a naturalistic eagle on the reverse designs prepared by Mint Chief Engraver William Barber.

In contrast to the new trade dollar, the regular U.S. silver dollar contained just 412.5 grains, and the Mexican dollar had only 416. But the architects had miscalculated; though it weighed slightly less, the Mexican coin had a higher fineness and therefore contained slightly more pure silver. The astute Chinese recognized this and, in many provinces, gave the U.S. coin short shrift, favoring the Mexican coin.

The currency law of 1873 created a special silver dollar, weighing 420 grains instead of the standard 412.5 grains, ostensibly to encourage trade with China, but more probably to provide a market for domestic silver producers (see Crime of 1873). The bulk of the 36 million pieces coined went to China, but at least 6 million were forced into circulation in the United States, despite the fact that after 1887 they were no longer legal tender. Many were bought at a discount and paid out at par to immigrant laborers who were forced to take the loss. Hoping to force the government to buy new silver, the silver interests delayed government redemption of the coins until 1887.

Peace Dollars – Early Dollars – Silver Dollar Prices

The silver dollar was authorized by Congress April 2, 1792. Weight and fineness were specified at 416 grains and 892.4 fine. The first issues appeared in 1794 and until 1804 all silver dollars had the value stamped on the edge: HUNDRED CENTS, ONE DOLLAR OR UNIT. After a lapse in coinage of the plain or reeded edges and the value was placed on the reverse side.

The weight was changed by the law of January 18, 1837 to 412 1/2 grains, fineness .900. The coinage was discontinued by the Act of February 12, 1873 and reauthorized by the Act of February 28, 1878. The dollar was again discontinued after 1835, and since then only the copper-nickel pieces first authorized in 1971 have been coined for circulation.

Origin of the Dollar

The word Dollar evolves from the German Thaler, the same name given to the first large-sized European silver coin. Designed as a substitute for the gold Florin, the coin originated in the Tyorl in 1484. So popular did these large silver coins become during the 16th century that many other countries struck similar pieces, giving them names derived from “thaler”. In the Netherlands the coin was called Rijksdaaler, in Denmark Rigsdaler, in Italy Itallero, in Poland Tolar, in France Jocandale, in Russia Jefimik. All these names are abbreviations of “Joachimsthaler.” Until the discovery of the great silver deposits in Mexican and South American mines, the mint with the greatest output of large silver coins was that of Joachimsthal in the Bohemiam Erzgebirge.

The Spanish Dollar, or piece-of-eight, was widely used and familiar to everyone in the English-American colonies. It was only natural therefore that the word “dollar” was adopted officially as the standard monetary unit of the United States by Congress on July 6, 1785.


Varieties listed are those most significant to collectors, but numerous minor variations may be found because each of the early dies was individually made. Blanks were weighed before the dollars were struck and overweight pieces were filed to remove excess silver. Coins showing old “adjustment marks” may be worth less than values shown here. Some Flowing Hair type dollars of 1795 ere weight-adjusted by inserting a small (8mm) silver plug in the center of the blank planchet before striking the coin. Values of variations not listed depend on collector interest and demand.

Designer: Robert Scot
Weight: 26.96 grams
Composition: .8924 silver, .1076 copper
Diameter; 39-40mm
Edge: HUNDRED CENTS ONE DOLLAR OR UNIT with decorations between words


(see above)


The two earliest dies of 1798 have five vertical lines in the stripes in the shield. All dollar dies thereafter have four vertical lines.


1804 First reverse, Original (Childs specimen sold for $4,140,000 in 1999,) 1804 Second reverse, Restrike (Adams specimen sold for $220,000 in 1989)

The 1804 dollar is one of the most publicized rarities in the entire series of United States coins. There are specimens known as originals (first reverse), of which eight are known, and restrikes (second reverse), of which seven are known.

Numismatists have found that the 1804 “original” dollars were struck at the mint in the 1834-1835 period, for use in presentation proof sets. The first known specimen, a proof, was obtained from a mint officer by Mr. Stickney on May 9, 1873, in exchange for an “Immune Columbia” piece of gold. Later, in 1859, the pieces known as restrikes and electrotypes were made at the mint to supply the needs of collectors who wanted specimens of these dollars.

Evidence that these pieces were struck during the later period is based on the fact that the 1804 dollars duffer from issues of 1803 or earlier and conform more closely to those struck after 1836, their edges or borders having beaded segments and raised rim, not elongated denticles such as found on the earlier dates.

Although the mint records state that 19,750 dollars were coined in 1804, in no place does it mention that they were dated 1804. It was the practice in those days to use old dies as long as they were serviceable with no regard in the annual reports for the dating of the coins. It is probable that the 1804 total for dollars actually covered coins that were dated 1803.


Suspension of silver dollar coinage was lifted in 1831; however, not until 1835 were steps taken to resume coinage. Late in that year Director R.M. Patterson ordered Engraver Christian Gobrecht to prepare a pair of dies from designs by Thomas Sully and Titian Peale. The first obverse die bore the seated figure of Liberty in the obverse with the inscription C. GOBRECHT F. (F. is the abbreviation for the Latin word Fecit or “made it”) below the base of the Liberty. On the reverse was a large eagle flying left surrounded by twenty-six stars and the legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ONE DOLLAR. Criticism nay have forced Gobrecht’s name to be moved to the base of Liberty on a new die and, with this, pieces were struck in late 1836 on the 1792 standard of 416 grains.

In early 1837 the weight was lowered to 412 1/2 grains and pieces were struck o the new standard in March, 1837, using the dies of 1836. To distinguish the 1837 coinage from that of 1836, the reverse die was oriented in “medal” fashion.

Between 1855 and 1870 the Mint produced restrikes to satisfy collector demand. Mules (mismatched combinations of dies) were also struck in the demand. Restrikes and mules are seldom seen in worn condition.

Dollars issued in circulation in 1836, 1837, and 1839 are found with many different die alignments. The “original” issue of December 1836 has the normal “coin” alignment with eagle flying upward. These coins were usually made on heavy weight (416 grain) planchets. The special issue of 1837 (made from dies dated 1836) is different than the 1836 issue in that the dies are oriented in a “medal” alignment. Those coins were made from either heavy or light planchets because the change in standards that occurred in 1837, and because some of the coins minted in 1837 used planchets held over from the previous year.

Restrikes incorporated both “medal” and “coin” turns, and use the same die combinations as originals, but with the eagle flying level when rotated. Mules with wrong edge or die combinations also exist and are all rare.


Starting in 1840 silver dollars were issued for general circulation, but by spring 1853 the silver content of such pieces was worth more than the face value, and later issues were not seen in circulation but were used mainly in export trade. This situation continued through the late 1860s. The seated figure of Liberty device was adopted for the obverse, but the flying eagle design was rejected in favor of the more familiar form with olive branch and arrows used for the other silver denominations.

The 1866 proof quarter, half and dollar without motto are not mentioned in the Director’s Report, and were not issued for circulation.

Designer: Christian Gobrecht
Weight: 26.73 grams
Composition: .900 silver, .100 copper
Diameter; 38.1mm
Reeded edge
Mints: Philadelphia, New Orleans, Carson City, and San Francisco
New weight: .77344 oz.


This coin was issued for circulation in the Orient to compete with dollar-size coins of other countries. It weighed 420 grains compared to 412 1/2 grains, the weight of the regular silver dollar.

Many of the pieces that circulated in the Orient were counterstamped with Oriental characters, known as “chop marks”. These are generally valued lower than normal pieces. When first coined they were legal tender in the United States to the extent of $5.00, but with the decline in price of silver bullion Congress repealed the legal tender provision in 1876 and authorized the Treasury to limit coinage to export demand. In 1887 a law was passed authorizing the Treasury to redeem, for six months, all Trade dollars that were mutilated.

The Trade dollars of 1884 and 1885 were unknown to collectors generally until 1908. None is listed in the Director’s Report and numismatists believe that they are not a part of regular mint issue. After 1878, strikings were specimen proofs only.

The law authorizing Trade dollars was repealed in February, 1887.

Designer: William Barber
Weight: 27.22 grams
Composition: .900 silver, .100 copper
Diameter: 38.133
Reeded edge
Mints: Philadelphia, Carson City, and San Francisco
Net weight: .7874 oz. Pure silver

MORGAN TYPE 1878-1921

The coinage law of 1873 made no provision for the standard silver dollar. During the lapse in coinage of this denomination the gold dollar became the unit coin, and the trade dollar was used for our commercial transactions with the Orient.

Resumption of coinage of the silver dollar was authorized by the Act of February 28, 1878, known as the Bland-Allison Act. The weight (412 1/2 grains) and fineness (.900) were to conform with the Act of January 18, 1837.

George T. Morgan, formerly a pupil of Wyon in the Royal Mint of London, designed the new dollar. His initial M is found at the truncation of the neck, at the last tress. It also appears on the reverse on the left-handed loop of the ribbon.

Coinage of the silver dollar was suspended after 1904 when the bullion supply became exhausted. Under provisions of the Pittman Act of 1918, 270,232,722 silver dollars were melted and later, in 1921, coinage of the silver dollar was resumed. The Morgan design, with some slight refinements, was employed until the new Peace design was adopted later in that year.

Sharply struck, “proof-like” coins have a highly reflective surface and are very scarce, usually commanding substantial premiums.

Designer: George T. Morgan
Weight: 26.73 grams
Composition: .900 silver, .100 copper
Diameter: 38.1mm
Reeded edge
Mints: Philadelphia, New Orleans, Carson City, Denver, and San Francisco
Net weight: .77344 oz. pure silver

PEACE TYPE 1921-1935

The dollar issued from 1921 to 1935 was a commemorative peace coin, which might easily have been a half dollar. The Peace Dollar, in fact, was issued without congressional sanction, under the terms of the Pittman Act, which referred to the bullion and in no way affected the design.

Anthony De Francisco, a medalist, designed this dollar. His monogram is located in the field of the coin under the neck of Liberty.

The new Peace Dollar was placed in circulation January 3, 1922. 1,006,473 pieces were struck in December, 1921.

The high relief of the 1921 design was found impractical for coinage and was slightly modified in 1922 after 35,401 coins of that date were made and melted at the mint. The rare matte and satin finish proof specimens of 1922 are of both the high relief style of 1921, as wells as of the normal relief.

Legislation date August 3, 1964 authorized the coinage of 45 million silver dollars, and 316,076 dollars of the Peace design dated 1964 were struck at the Denver Mint in 1965. Plans for completing this coinage were subsequently abandoned and all of these coins were melted. None were preserved or released for circulation.

Designer: Anthony De Francisci
Weight: 26.73 grams
Composition: .900 silver, .100 copper
Diameter: 38.1mm
Reeded edge
Mints: Philadelphia, Denver and San Francisco
Net weight: .77344 oz. pure silver

Land & Wealth vs. Debt & Promises: The End Game

Land & Wealth vs. Debt & Promises: The End Game

It is fitting that a series of programs aired on the History Channel in the order they appeared. First, there was a 2 hour documentary on the history of currency and it’s dark side, counterfeiting. This was followed by an hour on silver mines. Then, there was an hour on gold mines. That was the perfect background for this series. The statement that, in 1972, Richard Nixon freed the world from the tyranny of gold, is the perfect example of the arrogance and hypocrisy of human nature. History, filled with the evidence of dead civilisations, tells us that all wealth comes from the ground and was created with the foundation of the world. Every attempt to evade the Creator has the seed of it’s own destruction in it. Will the world acknowledge the lesson of history or collapse in failure again?

You would think that after almost 6,000 years, the world would know right from wrong. Certainly, someone should have acquired the wisdom to avoid repeating the same bad choices. About 3 decades ago, the proposal was made to index the price of oil to the prices of manufactured goods. The concept was not a new idea. Parity pricing has always been a stable and beneficial foundation for any economic structure. Even so, that proposal was rejected. Why any responsible and rational mind would reject such a proposal is unthinkable. Under a parity system, every aspect of economic activity improves. Producers of raw materials, manufacturers of finished goods and end users of those goods all prosper in an honest environment of equitable compensation. The only criticism that parity economics has ever faced is that it hinders the opportunity for the issuers of currencies to lie, cheat and steal.

Inflation. Not one person in one hundred knows what it is or how it works. People debate it’s workings, but never ask the questions that would open their understanding. No one ever asks who gains from inflation and who is cheated. For all of the fingers pointed and claims made, the same people win, every time. The operative component of inflation is arbtrary and worthless paper currencies. With no collateral to rest on, the door is opened to deception and manipulation. Promises are made, nations are buried in debt, and assets are sold off to keep an economy “solvent”. That solvency is also fabricated and contrived, subject to revocation. Witness the economic collapses in Mexico and Argentina. Both are slave nations, property of the United Nations and the International Monetary Fund. Seeing themes and plots from movies in the news, presented as real life, got old a long time ago. People are told that Economics is a science too complicated to be understood by ordinary people. The stunning lies that are fed to people set them up to be harvested in a very well established system of wealth transfer. From “The Longest Yard”, we have “If it worked once, it should work again, right?”. In 1929, Winston Churchill hosted a party on the night of the stock market crash. Those people cheated the people who worked the land and produced wealth out of their life savings and their homes. In 2000, 7 Trillion dollars went somewhere. Wealth doesn’t just disappear. It goes into someone’s pocket. We must ask ourselves; Is being first in the breadline at the soup kitchen a good thing?

How does this deliberate cycle of enticement, deception and theft translate to today? We have people who watched their savings leak out of their retirement plans. In self defense, they followed the advice they were given, investing in “emerging markets”. There were no markets. They invested in emerging manufacturing bases. Now they wonder what happened to their jobs. We have people who owe more on their homes than they can sell them for. But, refinancing and adjustable rates were good things, weren’t they? Obviously, the truth, the whole truth and consult your financial advisor before being swindled didn’t come into play, here. This is exactly how the harvesting process has always worked. When will people understand that the world is structured to take everything they have and leave them for dead?Now would be a good time to take stock of the present situation. People believe that the circumstances are good if they can buy things and go places. This is madness. The admissions that are made every day clearly refute the public perception. For months and months, we were told that there wasn’t any serious inflation to be concerned about. Now, we are told that inflationary pressures are expected to moderate by the end of the year. I’m sorry. I missed a transition in there, somewhere. Of course, I’ve been hearing for at least a year, that if diesel fuel prices hit $6/Gal., truckers are going to park their trucks and walk away from the loans. The ones that are worried about making their truck payments have nothing to worry about. The banks have a vested interest in keeping their trucks rolling. We haven’t seen anything yet. With commodities shortages and hyperinflation at the doorstep, the world is learning that paper is not gold and silver.

The events of the past week bring home the point of this series. Like it or not, we are in the same world with the destruction that has been inflicted on the world with debt and promises. The worst thing that ever happened to Africa and South America is the International Monetary Fund. After 50 plus years of loan guarantees and refinancing of debt, countries have been destroyed in both name and culture. The developed world faces the same fate. Entire continents are becoming land absorbed into the corporate structure, containing homeless people in holding pens. After people have traded their land and wealth for worthless paper, they are at the mercy of the harvesters. Revolving, escalating debt establishes slavery everywhere it takes root. Once established, people are removed from the land and commercial entities enter in under the authority of inequitable agreements entered into under coercion. Once debt is incurred, armed conflict inevitably follows. Any resistance by the indigenous population is met with military force. Once people are removed from land, resources are removed, leaving that country more impoverished than it was before. Without sovereign control of commerce, any nation is the property of a corporation. Cities become holding pens, people become livestock, and the slaughter begins. Remember Thomas Jefferson’s quote: “If private banks are allowed to control the issuance of currency, they and the corporations that shall spring up around them, shall deprive the people of all liberty and property. They shall find themselves homeless in the land that their fathers settled.”.

People come. People go. Done properly, there is no conflict or confusion. As congestion and dependency increase, people and their connections to the land are severed. Where the emphasis once was on self-sufficiency, there now exists a corporate inflicted vulnerability. As people and life were separated from the land, so they were separated from individual conscience.  Individuals used corporate charters in a vain effort to shield themselves from the consequences of their actions. The evidence of history is that judgement comes and reality is served. Behavior that works stands the test of time. History is not kind to those glaring examples of failures that litter the wayside of time.

It is one thing when one individual declines to interact with another. It is quite another when two individuals are prohibited from interacting by a third. The issue of authority is instantly raised. In actual fact, multiple authorities are instantly in play. The transition between the two states is the most fascinating study in human nature. It is at the root of every conflict. In the whirlwind of current events, the difference might seem insignificant. There are so many authorities, legitimate as well as false, competing for attention. Without fixed standards of judgement, it is impossible to avoid deception and destruction. There is no substitute for being in the right place, at the right time, and taking the right action. How were Pts. 9 & 10 so important and related? They are critical factors in food production. From the corporate view, very often, indigenous populations are just in the way. Shutting down food production in a country is just one way to clear the land. The only result coming from international activities in developing nations in the last 50 years has been war, famine, disease and crushing ebt. When international forces enter an area, it is for the purpose of securing the harvest of resources. Food production is just one of the means that sustains a population on the land. At one time, Rhodesia was known as the breadbasket of Africa. By contrast, Zimbabwe is an unproductive beggar nation, dependent on  handouts and cheated out of it’s resources.

From Babylon To The United Nations: Road Map To Armageddon

       History is not kind to the tyrants who sacrifice the future for gain in the present. Sowing the seeds of corruption reaps a bitter harvest. Knowing the end from the beginning will become very important. We are watching the world approach a bad end.

     From Babylon To The United Nations: Road Map To Armageddon 

     The empires that mark the timeline of history leave a record of many common characteristics. The people and cultural parameters may change, but the basic foundation is found in expression of the dark side of human nature. Lurking under the surface, in every second of human history, is the compulsion to claim and enforce the power of life and death over other men. The fact that history is measured by war and genocide is not a statement of the progress of human relations. To the contrary. History is evidence in a murder trial.

     Humanity does not fare well as a defendant. The names of historical record have entered their guilty plea. The tyrants of the present and future will find themselves waking from their delusion in an environment where they are not the highest authority. To knowingly violate natural law is to incur a life debt. Since humanity can not originate life, history is the record of repeated failures. Impersonating life with forms of institutional death is the ultimate delusion. As we shall see, every great empire is born in delusion.

     Throughout the millenia, many have had a vision of how to run the world. Fortunately, only a relative few have established empires. When they have, they left hundreds of millions of dead bodies in their wake. Domination of the world doesn’t include everyone. Here is one such ambitious plan. The corporate structure doesn’t care who the players are, as long as humanity is enslaved. In their own words, see the contents at: 

This is nothing new. Planned wars, mercenary civil wars, the spread of disease are all intended to undermine national governments and subjugate people. Unfortunately, there are those who see most of the people of the world marked for elimination. The intended demise of 5.5 billion people is found at: 

     Such evil inspires to rob, kill and destroy.

     Continuing in the line of world domination is the population control agenda. People see war, poverty, famine and disease as tragic events. In most of the world, tragedy is no accident. People are displaced by civil war, disease and a complete disruption of life as they knew it. A thorough study of  the document at  

would be a good starting point.

Titled “The Population Control Agenda” by Dr. Stanley Montieth, this article and the references it contains outline the global agenda for the world’s population. This is where arrogant men decide who lives and who dies.
The strident calls for global regulation and a global currency are only the beginning. The history of the consolidation of wealth and power is a record of inhumanity. The objective of commerce is always conquest. If all people are under the same currency, how shall they escape conquest?

The only activities that seem to be working these days are those related to undermining existing social structures. Stock market analysts talk like gamblers trying to break even. Politicians talk about ways to get their hands on more money. Legislatures debate on squeezing the Golden Goose harder with more regulations. No one seems to care about inflation as the financial structure works day and night to inflate the next bubble. Just because the central banks don’t seem to be  worried about inflation, that doesn’t mean that you shouldn’t be.

     The combination of inflation and tax the rich schemes moves jobs to other continents. So much for free trade. The record shows that industries were traded for debt. People borrow money to make other people rich. Next week, people will pull a lever and give their consent to fraud. They volunteered to pay their share of the debt. They have no complaint when they discover that their next job doesn’t exist.

If people realized that intrusion by the corporate structure was the cause of their problems and not the solution, conditions would improve, dramatically. The expert speculation is that we will see fascist takeovers of entire segments of national and global economies. Again, the world falls into the trap of giving up independence for the cost of printing the paper. We are seeing the repeated folly of the ’90s. Trading substance for perception is just a polite euphemism for believing a lie.

There is no real money to pay for the destruction of national boundaries and civil liberties, so everyone will play with paper to get it done. Global government has always been the goal of the corporate structure. More than 6 billion people are expected to check their humanity at the door and lower their heads. It is a dark life, being a robot in the corporate structure.

With all the confusion and commotion of the past week, people have lost sight of the issues that most closely affect their lives. Remember when the bar codes on products and the magnetic strips on the various cards were seen as a gross invasion of privacy? Now they are seen as commonplace and not a danger. The world has gone so far beyond those developments. The cultural conscience has been dulled.

     We now see biometric information, retina scans, warrantless searches by surveillance technology. There is no privacy. If the corporate structure wants video of an individual in the shower, that is attainable. Where is the end of this intrusion? As long as people volunteer into slavery, there is no end to intrusion.

A crisis is a problem, rolled into a tube, and stuffed with a lie. Without a fabricated context built out of false content, no problem can become a crisis. A good example is that a bubble cannot be inflated with gold and silver. The only way to inflate the supply of gold and silver is to dig deeper and faster.  Contrary to popular belief, it is not possible to manufacture real money. At best, parity in commodities produces prosperity. At worst, false equivalents create shortages. Printing paper currencies is an enabling mechanism for corruption.

     The events of the past two months should have opened the world’s eyes. The seamless interaction between government and private agendas has produced a striking change in the world. Now, in the name of “help”, government and private banks are seizing title to property. People now rent everything and pay, according to terms of private contracts. Learning how the modern game is played is good. Learning how to stay out of the debt game is better.

Explanation is in order. Not all purchases and sales are equal. In a mortgage transaction, the real estate is collateral against the debt and title is in the name of the bank. The currency is the property of the banking system, whether in your possession or theirs. Since everything in the transaction is property of the banking system, everything remains property of the banking system. Upon payment of the loan, the buyer is allowed use of the property, under license, by contract. To understand how people enter into such inequitable contracts, we must be able to identify people indoctrinated into the process of the Beast. That is a difficult task, because we may find ourselves looking into a mirror when doing so.

Yes, we have met the enemy, and they is us. Thank you, Pogo.

Evidence of indoctrination into the process of the Beast is easily identified, if you develop the eye to see it. The trouble is, universal training makes sure that you can’t see it. Once the public school brainwashing is addressed and overcome, obvious slave trading practices become glaring warning signs. The first sign is when your slave status is questioned. If you are required to show proof of who owns you (U.S. citizen) or which plantation you are working on (employment history), then you are being measured as a slave.
That is the beginning of containment. Complying with these requirements sets in motion a series of traps that are easier to get into than out of. This is why most people can’t see that they are trapped. The cultural boundaries are set to prevent escape. This is why there is so much cultural pressure to comply with the demands of the corporate structure. People are now monetized and packaged, bought and sold. At the heart of the process is the transfer of human beings into the ownership of a legal fiction. That box is the prison that people walk around in.

The chain of custody of evidence of indoctrination into the process of the Beast can be very difficult to trace. Since most people aren’t Sherlock Holmes, the worldview imposed by education and culture blinds people to the truth. The most secure prison is the institution in which the inmates believe they are free. The thought of escape never enters their minds. One facet of today’s prison is the concept of the free market economy. Such a social construct has never existed in the world of fiat paper currency. Such economies are operated as a managed corporate benefit. As such, participation in said economies is restricted by license and contract. The obligations incurred by those encumbered by such contracts do not manifest until a time of crisis, whether real or imagined. At that time, unquestioning obedience to the corporate structure is the requirement. This is how millions of people are abandoned to the death camps and slave labor, while the rest of the world is frozen in inaction.

Again, I ask: Who will we betray to maintain our position in the corporate structure?

After a month of travel and observation, it is painfully obvious that people accept controlled environments as a viable means of survival. They worship at the feet of their masters and promote compliance with obviously destructive social and political conditions as a good thing. Accepting what is perceived as benign dictatorship by commerce is a fatal error. The coming days will see desperate people in desperate circumstances. People will accept the only choice made available to them, over and over. The result will be repeated episodes of corporate management. Populations will be marginalized and impoverished. Those who benefit from the betrayal of humanity will call it good. Those who have positioned themselves to benefit from the policies of commerce will one day find innocent blood on their hands. They refuse to see it now. They will admit it, in despair, when their efforts won’t wash away the evidence of their guilt.

An interesting transformation takes place when people are separated from land. People become a fabricated image, created and manipulated by commercial culture. As such, they become property. This is proof that the objective of commerce is always conquest. Since history is taught as a commentary on commercial activity and control, the only world that people know is the one created for them to see. People have no frame of reference to test the validity of what they are taught. Independent audit of content is the only method of evaluation that works. The first question that must be asked is,

Who controls the land and resources?”

Without that answer, people have no way of knowing how their choices are eliminated and their free will is limited. In this condition, people keep themselves in a system that does not recognize the inviolate status of life and the intrinsic obligations of life. It is a system of artificially monetized commercial utilization of human beings. To be indistinguishable from resources harvested from the land is the most wretched condition that any civilization can impose upon itself.

Is it lawful for one individual to assist another in the commission of a crime? If people knew the crimes that they gave consent to and allowed to be committed by the authority of their name, so many of the aspects of commerce would disappear. All manner of thefts, assaults and murder are inflicted on the people of the world,  WITH THEIR OWN CONSENT!

The corporate structure demands active and willing participation in it’s declared opposition to the Creator. Where there is required to be reverence for life, commerce inflicts death. Where kindness and compassion are to be the standard by which men are judged, commerce inflicts cruelty in unquenched greed. Where honest weights and measures are the required standard in transactions to assure prosperity, trading substance for debt brings poverty and bankruptcy. It is the false institutions of the corporate structure that deprives people of all wealth, property and liberty. Come out of the debt system before it crushes everything that is good in life.

“When the laws undertake to add to these natural and just advantages artificial distinctions; to grant titles, gratuities, and exclusive privileges; to make the rich richer and the potent more powerful, the humble members of society, the farmers, mechanics, and laborers, who have niether the time nor the means to secure like favors to themselves, have a right to complain of the injustice of their Government.”  – Andrew Jackson

Over the past three months, we have seen trillions of units of currency devoured in consolidation of financial institutions, commodity and stock speculation and without a clear accounting of where it all went. Little or no access to these funds was granted to those taxpayers who are pledged to repay the debt. Yet, the people labor under the threat of economic collapse. This is a repeated pattern in history. There is a day of reckoning in the near future.

“It is to the property of the citizen, not to the creditor of the State, that the original faith of society is pledged. The claim of the citizen is prior in time, paramount in title, and superior in equality.” – Sir Edmund Burke

Such a principle should be obvious. Apparently, this wisdom was either lost or ignored in the last century. No deception by monetization of debt can absolve those charged with care of the public trust of their duty. The first obligation is to the people who produce wealth from the land, by their labor. Mortgaging the future to feed the excesses of the present is dereliction of duty and an outright theft. Now, where did that $8.5 Trillion go, again? Are the common people that it was stolen from also expected to repay it?

May the outrage of the people reach Heaven.

“The power to issue money should be taken from the banks and restored to Congress and the people” – Thomas Jefferson

The creation and implementation of the Federal Reserve System continues to be the biggest bait-and-switch scam in the history of money. The original contract was that all paper currency must be redeemable in gold and silver coin. With the advent of the Federal Reserve, the currency represents an exchange of debt instruments. Since the currency is created from nothing, is suppported by nothing, it is worth nothing.  The banks are owed nothing. When will the American people ask the fundamental question:

“Where is our gold and silver?”

Never underestimate the ability of people to ignore common sense to get around the voice of their conscience. Taking shortcuts and “easy” paper credit is the trap the world won’t escape, this time. The world has never escaped the  consequences of believing the lie that is paper “money”. If people can’t see it coming, they must surely be able to hear it coming. The currency devaluations of the past week are not keeping things on an even keel. People seem to feel that, as long as their country doesn’t have to admit to being insolvent, everything is good. Nothing could be further from the truth. Every bank is insolvent. All are bankrupt. The coming year will bring the ugly truth to plain view.

Hyperinflation, currency collapses and civil disturbances will eclipse anything seen before in history. Government can’t save anyone, now. The fraud and theft has gone too far. When government, the financial structure and the media lie, cheat and steal, the people suffer for it. Last September was just the beginning. It’s headed into the Pit, now. Every time the currency supply doubles, the closer it gets to a crash.

Whether with head in the clouds or buried in the sand, people have to pay attention when the thunder rolls and the ground shakes. If you can’t recognize the signs, at least read history. The currency supply has increased 765% in recent months. That’s more than a decade of inflation in no time, at all. Politicians can’t raise taxes, so they get it out of people with higher prices. Freedom disappears at the same time as independence. A nation of producers becomes a nation of beggars. The borrower becomes servant of the lender.

“In a time of universal deceit, telling the truth is a revolutionary act.” – George Orwell

Pressure comes from everywhere in the modern world. Whether from media, the culture of globalization or marketing, an endless barrage of demands not seen in any previous generation flood over everyone, everywhere. The information gathered on individuals is staggering. Private information is no longer private. When that information is used against someone, it is news to them. When medical records are used to deny employment or insurance coverage, it is a sudden shock to an individual. When purchase records on a store discount member card are used as evidence in a trial, it is a gross invasion of privacy by the corporate structure.
Where does it end? It ends with the tracking and restraint of everyone’s freedom. People have forgotten the value of the liberty that is inherent in privacy.

There is always a crisis in the world. Most of the time, independent verification is not possible. There is a proper response in the lessons of history. Things that haven’t happened yet aren’t necessarily an immediate crisis. Taking care of and paying attention to important things such as food, water and shelter keeps situations from becoming a crisis. Big things, like the warnings in the weather changes and the verifiable threats of future actions and conditions are not so easily compensated for. If the dire predictions for the immediate future are all true, there is no place to run to, anyway. If governments and banks collapse, we are all on our own. If the global climate goes into an ice age suddenly, we as individuals couldn’t stop it. To avoid that helpless situation, prayer would be a good idea. Now would be a good time.

As we approach 2012, the most prominant feature of human nature is the ease in which people suppress their personal convictions for the promise of prosperity. History teaches that people always end up in shame and poverty. Today, there is such outcry for peace and safety. How do people find the lack of integrity to go back and beg at the feet of leaders who betrayed and robbed them? If a neighbor did the same thing, they would confront the neighbor. Yet, countries are plunged into war and starvation. At no time in history has any nation achieved prosperity by internal plunder of it’s citizens. In every instance, leaders strip nations of wealth and the rich men of the Earth celebrate in victory. Recent events repeat the mistakes of history. Change for the sake of change always leaves the people who’s enthusiasm turned to dismay less free and prosperous than before. Where will it end?

The world will either break the yoke of debt or succumb to the slavery of the moneychangers.

The Real Weapon Of Mass Destruction: POVERTY (via georgesblogforum)

If we could all just understand this, the world would be a very different place. The maze that is the global economy is getting more complex. Writing this made my head hurt.

                             “The Real Weapon Of Mass Destruction”                                                                                                POVERTY

The contradiction between idealism and actual experience in our daily lives would appear to be just a basic fact of life. The fact of the matter is that contradictions are powerful influences in shaping our perception.      In this example, the Amer … Read More

via georgesblogforum

War Under Heaven: The World At Commerce

War Under Heaven: The World At Commerce

     What is required of mankind in this life and this world? . What has changed? Why doesn’t anything work anymore? Who decided that there isn’t room for people, anymore?

     The answers to all these questions are found in the vision of the people who decide what we are told. It is shocking to even think that people can be  controlled and manipulated this way. Yet, people believe things that will eventually end their lives. The people who are required to protect the  public trust are also the people who should be watched the closest and trusted the least in access to the public treasury. When the theft and deception in the change in the structure of society is placed in order in the timeline of historical events,we see that the world is not as it appears to be.

     How do we answer the question, what is required of mankind in this life and in this world?

     Some would say, do unto others as we would have them do unto us.    That’s good, as far as it goes. Are we not to remember our Creator and all He   has done for us? Shouldn’t we remember that all things were made by Him? Shouldn’t we remember that He speaks life into us? Shouldn’t we remember that He sustains all things, making life possible? Doesn’t our next breath and heartbeat depend upon Him? If we want to end the life of another without cause, is there any reason He should allow us to live? How could any man presume to have final authority in such matters? There is no justice in the cycle of assault, retaliation and escalation.

     Shouldn’t we seek after forgiveness and mercy instead of bringing certain judgement upon ourselves? When examining the requirements that mankind must meet, the inescapable fact is that mankind is not separate from the surrounding environment. The standards and laws are engraved in creation. Whether an individual acknowledges any authority greater than himself,  there  is no escape from the most basic laws of existence, the natural law.   Intellect  has never permanently separated mankind from his surroundings Technology has always proven to be a temporary alteration in lifestyle that never permanently changed life. This is why commerce will always carry a fatal flaw. The history of the world has always been recorded and presented as  the development and decline of commerce. Every artificial construct devised  by man has eventually devoured the source of it’s existence. Eventually, every society has  centralized itself into levels of stress that can not be met with the available supply of resources vital to it’s continuation.

     A clear understanding of commerce is vital to understanding the present condition of the world. Commerce is combat. Commerce pits people against each other in a struggle for available resources. Commerce warps morality. Empty pockets and empty stomachs make people more animal than human. The game of acquisition posesses a very addictive influence. The power of acquisition is glorified to such a degree that predatory behavior is seen in a better light than it should be. No one sees the people who are trampled in the rush to excess. At this time, the world is on the edge of the greatest consolidation of wealth ever seen. Economic depression is not a loss of wealth. It is a transfer of wealth. We are watching the cruelest game of bait and switch ever seen.

     What has changed in 100 years? The conscience of humanity has changed. A constant state of combat, produced by contract, has so numbed the regard for life that the conscience protects that it is now normal for people to seek out someone to assault. We all, as undividuals, feel the pressure of constant threat. Without any standard of conduct, we are adrift in a sea of decay. Small is the man whose understanding comes from words given under the authority of any man. To meet the requirements established in every culture, we need so much more than that. We all remember better than this. There was a time when people found contentment in the provision derived from the land they were on. When people were separated from the land, dependency became the rule rather than the exception. In the words that outlive civilisations is found wisdom.

     Why doesn’t anything work, anymore?

     It all traces back to rebellion. All through recorded history are efforts to establish a “New Order”. This always follows the same   pattern. By whatever means and motivation, people are moved off the land and into an artificial environment. Very simply, people walk away from personal relationship with the Creator and form alliances at war with the Creator. This is why every social movement in history has been doomed to failure. When people abandon the source of  their life and security, they are at the mercy of the way of the world. It is this upside down system of commerce that changes perception and brings people to call conflict a good thing. Regardless of commitment to cause and honor, the fatal flaw is in a fruitless effort to create a way of life that is living death. Once this line is crossed, centers of power lock together in a downward spiral that ends in death.

     Why doesn’t anything work, anymore?

     When there is a task to be completed, there are four possibilities.   First, there might be someone with the knowledge, skill and experience to complete the task. Second, there might be someone with the common sense to ask how it’s done. Third, there might be someone to teach the proper method to complete the task. Fourth, there might be someone who refuses to learn and fails, miserably.

    Hopefully, anything involving the last option does not occur. At one time or another we all have refused instruction. Being someone that no one could give good advice to is not a pleasant memory. Then, why is it that we see the events we see, today? The answer is that people exalt themselves in their own eyes.  Refusal to receive instruction is the most common act of war.  Why doesn’t anything work anymore? Just being told that one thing is the same as another, doesn’t make it so. The claim that a change in circumstances requires a change  in actions is not reason enough to depart from known truth. The inference that loss is pending or that gain is available for the price of group consent is such a compelling temptation. Today, we see so many “emergencies”. Every day we hear the panic attacks in every area of activity. We hear appeals for someone to do something. Is doing something that never worked the answer to the question? Every emergency response in human history changed the future into unforeseen  new complexities. The evidence against man is that of incompetence in the face of a task that is beyond the ability of man. Man was never his own creator. Why would anyone doom himself to failure?

     Why doesn’t anything work, anymore?                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Two powerful influences combine to produce an impossible condition. First, expectations are changed from production of real wealth from the land to an arbitrary and historically discredited system of sustainable fraud. The public perception has changed to accept the belief that wealth and liquidity are interchangeable. Despite history changing currency collapses, people still hold the false hope that economies can be regulated successfully. Confusing the understanding of this change is the gradual alteration of the meaning of words. The point has been reached at which the legal definition of a word is rarely the commonly understood definition.

     The question becomes, “Who does anything work for?”

     If life and success are measured by the ability to benefit from fraud, a criminal and amoral social structure is established. Recent events clearly demand a restatement of definitions. As current events are presented, the spin has produced a twist that can only be untangled by the truth. The original lie has been repackaged and released as though it was something that no one has seen, before.

     Again, I emphasize the difference. 

     Business is a handshake between two living, breathing, flesh and blood beings. Business is a connection on moral grounds.

     Commerce, on the other hand, is without life or conscience.

     Commerce is predatory, cannibalistic, imperialistic, and despotic. People believe that the corporate structure represents their interests and is accountable to them. The lie marches on. By contract, third party agendas and the love of money rule over men.

     It is very difficult to separate reality from illusion in the present day world. When image is held to be more important than substance, standards no longer exist. No one would believe that winning the board game Monopoly would give someone a seat on the NYSE, but people believe things just as ridiculous. This is the current state of commerce. An entity is created. Suddenly, survival of that entity is the highest priority.

     People are now interchangeable, expendable and disposable.   Everything and everyone is for sale. Damage to populations is now secondary to creating a market for a product. Once, people feared technology dominating humanity.

     Now, it isn’t that simple. All areas of technology are used by men to dominate and enslave other men. Until and unless people embrace reality and reject the constructed fantasy, everything they thought they knew will cease to exist. In the effort to define the nature and apparent objectives of commerce, so many of the results seem to be oblivious to human concerns. Through virtually instantaneous media transmission of events, we have seen the actions taken by commercial interests and their private armies to remove populations from land areas. We have seen military operations conducted against civilians, by their own countries. The history of commerce has always eliminated people in favor of centralized control of resources. When will people understand that the next great champion of the people is always their worst enemy? Setting people on a pedestal always invites destruction.

      Having just described the ways that people are collected and contained, the question as to how they will be harvested demands an answer. Sadly, the rich men of the Earth have decided that no more than 500 million people should live. At last check, there are substantially more people in the world. Under this intent, wars, famines and plagues are money to some people. To build their personal paradise, people are exterminated. The world has always been this way. It remains to be seen, who will organize and oversee the slaughter, and who will do the dirty work. Do we protect ourselves by giving our consent to those who do evil? Is our lifestyle worth more than a life? Is peace achieved by conquest? Beware of people who insist that there can only be peace when you are dead.

     Embargo and blockade, financing both sides in conflicts, inciting civil disorder, invasion, conquest and subjugation. It’s the same pattern, over and over again. People should slap themselves for being so ignorant. Countries get buried in debt, shameless thieves line their pockets while their people starve, countries are bombed into homelessness, people turned into panicked livestock, herded into holding pens. People are pitted against each other and everyone loses. The world is in a downward spiral, countries seeming to profit from circumstances only to be left in poverty when the boom goes bust. Commerce moves on after it has bled people dry. Yet, people continue to bow to worship at the feet of those who are killing them.

     Two conditions are consistent in the world; war and poverty.

     They are related. Throughout history, cultures are destroyed as the” peace keepers” of the “New Order” supervise the destruction. If you live in a place where you are relatively untouched by the trouble in the world, you are truly blessed. If you live in a place where no one suffered an unnatural death, you have had a very good day. If you live in a place that was not robbed of it’s wealth by the corporate structure today, you live in a dream world. The truth is, that everything that previous generations knew to be true, is disappearing The sad reality is that no one will believe it until it happens to them, personally. At that time, the loss will be vitally important to that  individual.

       As for the rest of the world, most people will not notice. It never takes very long before no one remembers. All of public debate is a facilitated discussion. Any concept not expressed in political, economic or military terms is ignored or dismissed as irrelevant. People, nations and cultures are compromised by being coerced into an entrenched system of conspiracy fraud. Transactions in currencies without foundation in real wealth compromise the integrity of every society that is a party to those transactions. It is when the fraud is exposed that those who hid the lie escape by resignation and hope to resurface in another place in the corporate structure. Only those who embezzle from their superiors in the corporate structure are ever brought to justice. As long as the corporate structure is satisfied, people are given unhindered license to lie, cheat and steal.

     There will be a final audit and accounting.

     The world’s inventory will be required of men.

     What are the warning signs of corruption? In it’s most basic form, demands are met and the obligations of the contract are met. The warnings signs are at the point of initiation of fraud. People waive rights without any concern for the consequences of their actions. In practice, identifying the party responsible for initiating the fraud is a moot point. Property or services were agreed to be sufficient compensation for surrendered status. There is always a surrender. Commerce is economic war. As this basic form of corruption expands into created entities the situation becomes increasingly complex.

     As commerce expands into created entities, it becomes one step removed from humanity. Commerce no longer is the conduct of monetary transaction. Unleashed from conscience, commerce goes on the hunt. It becomes the classic story of exploration and conquest. No proper defense of social cannibalism can be made. Painting commerce as progress is a cruel hoax. One society devours another and material prosperity is the illusion that deceives society with false hope in a better future. It is when commerce cuts expedient corners that disaster takes root. What is prosperity and economic security built on, now? In 1929, money was gold and silver coin. Today, “money” is the promise of a politician.

     Compounding the problem is that the promise comes from those who gain with or without any particular individual human being, nation or culture.  Whatever you call it, testing G-d, tempting fate, rolling the dice, taking your chances, it’s all the same. Human nature cannot resist the thrill of the edge. Political elections, financial speculation and investment, games of chance and the craving for power are all gambling. The romantic notion that fame and fortune are within reach has lead to downfall and shame. Stepping out of what is known in search of undiscovered treasure may be the seed of heroic tales and legendary historical figures, but the end is always disappointment. The world today may have gone past the point of no return.

     Men flatter themselves and each other with false deification in the hope of never being challenged by any authority. No army has ever protected anyone from the consequences of their actions.

     There is a quote by Mark Twain that describes commerce very well.

     “Those who understand compound interest shall collect it; those who do not, shall pay it.”

     In the broader sense, those who understand the terms of contracts shall impose them; those who do not, shall comply with them. As the world has progressed in another attempt to build what can never be, humanity has been blinded by contracts that have, step by small step, led to the numbing of conscience. Has the world gone beyond the limits protected by the proper respect for life? In many aspects, life is seen as a commodity, to be packaged and marketed. More importantly, life is seen as a resource to be manipulated and disposed of, without consequence. How shall mankind escape destruction by the amoral demands of commerce? Life is not numbers on a corporate balance sheet.

     The insidious influence from impersonal, indirect and uncaring commerce teaches all the wrong things. It is so destructive in any interaction to believe that for one to win, another must lose. Who wrote that rule? Why does the world teach that in every form of media and public policy? Is it because opportunistic people use that teaching to create an opening to gain access to private property? We see so many examples of organizations that step in to “help” someone and leave that individual buried in circumstances that they are unable to recover from. In many cases, people are deprived of the means to rebuild their lives. People become hopeless property of the new slave master. As simple as that sounds, nations go into debt to reinforce this system of indentured servitude. Every kingdom of man is brought down in the consequences of these denials of human dignity.

     Since the world is at least 100 years past the point of no return, the expressed threats of each new day take on a greater meaning. Agreements between groups who’s stated intentions are each other’s destruction are called diplomacy and partnership. The end of mutually assured corruption is still corruption. There is no honor among thieves. We have yet to see the betrayals and conflicts that are coming. To see media coverage slanted to solicit support for actions against nations that were previously supported and enabled exposes the festering infection of commerce. If politics creates strange bedfellows, then diplomacy provides cover for thieves and liars. What has gone around is coming around. Billions of people are being abandoned in favor of the false promise of unprincipled unity.

     What have we become? 100 years ago, very little of what we know as “life” existed. How can we be so self assured that all we see is desireable? Commerce has no regard for quality of life, and certainly not for the individual. Anyone who can not be manipulated or harnessed for profit is seen as a “problem”, an embarassing burden, or just in the way. How can we claim to have progressed and grown? If there is no compassion and caring for the well being of others, what are we? It is impossible to be free with a totalitarian heart. For all of the high minded lip service paid to charity and hope for the future, all programs created to promote good will in commerce actually do not include everyone and work to eliminate people. How can one man see another as useless and worthless?

     The unavoidable, yet unspoken fatal flaw in commerce is the “D” word.  Everyone knows it’s there. Everyone is scared to death of it. The standard of living that people trust in is built on a criminal system of loaned debt. The fatal flaw that keeps everyone in line is the word “Default”. As we have seen in the recent past, bank scandals and wars follow default. Any departure and rejection of the world debt system results in armed conflict and destruction of nations. It is now quite natural today for people to depend on the crimes committed with their consent and patriotic support. People enthusiastically support actions that would be condemned if committed against themselves. Like it or not, there is only one rule for everyone. The world is on the brink of being told that it’s money is no good. Unless people produce and build for themselves, they will have nothing.

     It is a bizarre and notable moment when the extremes of the damage done by the demands of commerce are exposed. Material success and public acclaim are no measure of good judgement and wisdom. The insanity of celebrity worship is evident in all forms of media. Celebrities are publicly adored and defended after getting caught cold in activities that common people go to prison for. Instead of being publicly shamed, celebrities get their egos stroked by their adoring fans. We see people exalted for everything from promoting pimp culture to official malfeasance in betrayal of the public trust. This speaks directly to the real desires hidden underneath the shell of civility in every public activity. The pain and suffering that misplaced trust deserves is being felt with increasing intensity with each passing day. Constructing a new moral platform will be no comfort in the new vision of the future. Good words and fair speeches will never resolve anything. Keeping people enthralled with nonsense buys time for the evil in the hearts of men.

     The history of the uneasy mistrust between free will and commerce is a fascinating study. Any expression of free wil that does not produce advantage for commercial exploitation makes people targets. Originally, the natural law maintained a balance that no agenda of sustainability has ever matched. Commerce centralizes and dominates. Throughout history, the rise and fall of cultures of death are very well documented. At some point, an agenda contrary to natural law rises to make it’s mark on the world. Today, we see a march to enslave the whole world. We are told that no culture will be left behind.

     Left unchecked, such inhuman motivation would infest and kill every culture as they have functioned. Every new order of existence is a step down from the original. Everything traces back to the original lie. Rebellion against the natural law is not the right choice. Today, there is mass transportation on the road to destruction.

     Domestically, throwing fake money around is called Economic Stimulus. Internationally, it’s called Foreign Aid. Whatever it’s called, it’s a lie. No nation has ever borrowed it’s way to prosperity and independence. This deliberately evil practice of indentured servitude has been played out repeatedly, all over the world. People fail to understand that war is used as a tool to implement corporate invasion and conquest. Regardless of the proud and pompous proclamations of politicians, the truth is that they are paid to do as they are told. They owe a debt. To save their position and lifestyle, they betray the public trust. They never had any loyalty to anyone they made promises to. If and when people ever wake up, it will most likely be when there is nothing in their society that will help them.

     Any discussion on commerce eventually gets around to the rich men of the Earth. Snobbish, elitist behavior becomes tabloid legend. It’s always some celebrity in the media. Here are a few sobering facts. If someone’s income provides more than food and shelter, free of debt, they are among the 2% wealthiest people in the world. If they own gold, silver or diamonds, they are among the top small fraction of a percent. If someone sleeps indoors, protected from the elements, they are in the top 4%. Before someone sees a homeless person as trash to be disposed of, they should know these things. If people are supported by debt and avoid disaster by refinancing insolvency, they are in the same situation. They are homeless and won’t admit it until they are forced into a tent city. They are among the poorest people in the world, and don’t know it.

      Describing commerce is only possible by including contrast. Avoiding the trap that commerce sets requires the recognition that there is no room in commerce for humanity and emotional considerations. Compassion and empathy find no response from commerce. Any lapse in good judgement results in capture and commercial harvest. This is seen in the many examples of sudden changes in monetary and distribution policies. Nations lose their identities in these events. They continue in name, only. Throughout history, invasions masquerade as help, entrapment hides behind a facade of charity, and domination impersonates leadership. Every tyrant in the history of the world replaced personal relationship with commerce. Every time that has happened, humanity has lost.

      “Creating markets”. What does that mean? If history as it is presented and studied is to be believed, it means exploration, discovery and new commercial activity. It is a very interesting exposure of human nature that the traffic in commodities and manufactured goods is disconnected from war. When it is understood that the purpose of commerce is to subdue, dominate and subjugate regions and cultures for commercial industrialization and marketing, every conflict and social dislocation makes sense. People are expendable and disposable. Simply stated, when people get in the way of the demands of corporate self preservation, they disappear. The illusion is that personal labor assures a comfort zone. When the point of diminishing returns is reached, that comfort zone is not sustainable.

     What is a “level playing field”? The concept of fairness and equity in kind is obviously a desireable objective. Unfortunately, no such concept or motivation exists in commerce. Negotiation is combat. The objective of commerce is always conquest. When the topic of discussion is negotiating a level playing field, it simply means that one party is dissatisfied with the effort required to subdue the other. In the world of commerce, combat is the norm. In warfare, there is no right or wrong in the minds of the combatants. There are only winners and losers. The winners enforce the right of conquest. Losers only continue to exist as property. In this regard, man is his own worst enemy. Commerce abdicates any moral standing and refuses restraint of conscience. If the corporate structure requires that an individual betray himself and life itself, that demand will be collected. This is the heart of genocide. When people understand that they have been collected and are held in inventory, they will see the boundaries of their confinement.

      The term “equity in kind” demands defintion. It’s meaning is critical to understanding the events of the day. Throughout human history, the basis of business transactions was the exchange of hard goods for hard goods. That was until open commerce changed that to an exchange of debt for debt. In kind, that exchange was merely all participants wallowing in the same corruption. It required that all parties believe and practice the same lie. When the exchange became one of trade of unlike quantities that deceit and fraud conquered the world. It is vitally important that the understanding that equity in kind always wins out is established. The evidence of history is that corruption always returns to it’s birthplace.

     How shall the world escape drowning in it’s lies? There is no rescue from the consequences of actions. The only option is to walk away from what we know is wrong.

     “Balance of trade”. Nothing has changed in 400 years. Only the meaning of words has changed to protect the guilty. Otherwise the pattern has never changed. A consistent, predictable pattern of moving “manufacturing capacity” to “emerging markets” has moved threough history like a well oiled machine. After corporations and their private armies have subdued and harvested a region, the debt and infrastructure failure begins. Everything that was once hope for the future becomes a premeditated and carefully scripted ethnic cleansing. No country or continent has escaped this pattern. It would seem that simple greed would explain the destruction of people and their cultures. The great deception is in the process of systematically bleeding economies dry by a cruel masquerade in the cloak of “help”. Where “help” goes, poverty. new diseases and civil disruption follows.

     Life was simple, once. All of a man’s needs came from the land he worked. How complicated can life become when wealth is extracted from the land by people who don’t live on it? It begins with something that someone wants. Suddenly, people aren’t satisfied with what they have. If they don’t produce anything from the land, themselves, this compunds the problem. What once gave men consistency and contentment became uncertainty and resentment. Where did the concept of one man claiming power over another take root? When did respect for life and boundaries end? No organization, no government, no social movement has ever protected the sanctity of life. To think that any proposal coming out of any think tank, any focus group or any legislation will restore the tranquility of pure and natural life is the ultimate absurdity. How will the world escape destruction? There is no where to run to.

     A discussion of what happens when people get in the way only hints at what it is to be the target of conquest. Most people have no experience with being an object of commercial exploitation. For obvious reasons, people only exist as a resource until they outlive their usefulness. People are seen as no different than a crop or a mineral resource. Commerce knows and shows no mercy. People and landscape are just in the way. The programs we see today that destroy cultures and exterminate people are right in front of our eyes, yet people refuse to see. They repeatedly go back to their masters for another beating. When will people see what they had before a corporate institution came to “help” them? How many prosperous nations will become beggars in bombed out streets before people turn their backs on the forces that seek their cooperation in the enslavement of the world?

     A deeply ingrained belief is that people can commute between the peace of home and the conflict of commerce. If payment for peace is required, people have no peace. True peace is not subject to any institution of man. Being victimized by extortion and racketeering institutions betrays every moral standard in every culture. That governments do these things does nothing to legitimize such practices. This pattern, repeated throughout history, is the ruin of every nation. What once was security becomes urgent panic. What once was prosperity becomes desolation and poverty. Robbers have no compassion for the robbed. No society has ever survived the burdens inflicted upon it. As layer upon layer of debt and demand drive people into despair, societies collapse. The downward spiral the world is in will continue until people recognize the meaning of true peace and act accordingly.

     One concept that has been lost on recent generations is the understanding of the term, “dirty money”. It isn’t just blatantly criminal behavior that determines the ethics of a situation. When incentives cause people to betray trusts and abandon people, heartbreaking circumstances result. It is in these times that people trade their integrity for filthy rags. The aftermath in shame brings people to the lowest point of despair. In so many instances, it seems that great success and public admiration is only a thin veneer over the self destructive behavior hidden underneath. In a seemingly closed loop of self condemnation and strange forms of punishment, people spiral down into loss of wealth, friends and family. Courts don’t always convict an individual, but no one escapes the evidence held in the heart. The only hope is in a new heart and a clean conscience. May we search within ourselves, daily.

     Level playing field. Fair trade. Balanced currencies. In good faith. All of these are synonyms and pseudonyms for NONSENSE!

     Commerce is always about conquest. Commerce is always about eliminating competitition. As long as people and nations comply with the powers that be, they continue to be the host for a relentless parasite. When they resist, a systematic and timeless process is set in motion; blockade and embargo, assault and invasion, conquest, subjugation, in that order.

     The legendary figures of commerce have always burned, sabotaged,bombed and legislated their competitors out of existence. To think that people depend on the security of their retirement plans is such delusion. Accepting worthless paper in retirement is just a polite way of being fired. Those whose industries have been under siege for three decades know the truth of this. Many have been left with nothing. They are out in the cold with no help in sight. This is the end for those who believed that they would be delivered out of the things they signed up for. For too long, people trusted in everything that was false. Now, they recede into the fog with the rest of the people who were forgotten in time. The sound of people appealing to the very people who cheated them out of their future is thunderous.

     Looking at the overview of commerce can be very impersonal. What does it mean to the individual? What does it look like at street level? One constant is a perceived atmosphere of panic. Under stress, people make bad decisions in favor of conditions detrimental to their future. All people want conditions of consistent daily life and reliable provision. When commerce invades, the unknown prevails. Contradictory policies and bizarre public behavior by civil authority become the norm. If not for shamelless behavior by public officials, people would have more time to examine obvious criminal behavior by public officials. At no time in previous recorded history has there been such obsession with staying on the right side of wrong. Chemical and genetic manipulation destroy health. Economic and labor policies destroy cultural expression. The old neighborhood just isn’t the same. To experience dislocation in every aspect of life is the most coercive and fraudulent tactic applied by commerce. If the individual survives it, he is not what he was. He has betrayed himself by accepting slavery.

     Progress is most often,  financial suicide.

     War and propaganda. Commerce and marketing. As form follows function, so combat conforms to it’s environment. In conventional warfare, persuading an enemy to believe false information could decide a battle. The explosive growth of mass media changed everything about conflict. The ability to reach virtually every mind with ideas in sight and sound brought into practical application the ability to corrupt and disable a culture without physical destruction. Tyrants throughout history have dreamed of conquest without opposition. As Henry Kissinger ambitiously predicted that Americans would welcome U. N. troops with open arms, he voiced that dream. When a culture is separated from it’s history and abandons it’s principles, conquest is complete and people trust government to steal from their neighbors at gunpoint. By the time people discover the robbery, they have nothing left to defend their individuality. Over the past century, we have watched the world taken into a vortex to the depths of darkness.

     Politics and manipulation. Marketing and propaganda. Ambition and cannibalism. There are so many parallels and intersections in life. To human nature, metaphorically and figuratively speaking, people of different appearance, language and culture must taste like chicken. So many times in history, a nation is left a field of dead men’s bones. The world can’t just leave them laying around. The world buries them in the same grave with it’s guilt. The powers that be whistle past the graveyard while dreading the day they leave the land of the living. When men recognize their mortality, whether by conscience or by their last breath, the bones of the dead testify against them. By ignoring the barely whispered truth, men stare down at their own hands and see the blood of the innocent on them. Cooperation is complicity. Knowing what the world deserves commands that we seek forgiveness for our part in it. Separate from the way of the world.

     If everyone’s intentions are so good, why do situations come out wrong? There is something that sounds right, and isn’t. Values without standards produce hypocrisy. Values may define a culture, but standards maintain the integrity of those values. Every culture in history is measured by what it produced. In the general overview of history, there are only two cultures. One is a culture of life, the other a culture of death. One culture brings peace, security and prosperity to all, regardless of boundaries. The other devours material wealth and sends millions of innocent people to unmarked mass graves. One culture consistently displays the way life should be and the other seeks hollow justifications for war, destruction and conquest. At some point, conscience challenges the calls for armed conflict. At the point that anger pits people against each other, one culture dies and the other lives under a curse. Once self justification murders conscience, repeated lies only hope to hide the transgression. The course the world is on appears to be irreversible. The only remaining question is being asked, and decisions made by each individual, one at a time.

     What have you chosen?

     The basic platform in commerce is the double standard. Words with multiple meanings are used to confuse the target of conquest and gain advantage for the initiator. This process is evidenced in every commercial transaction in the news. Media is a willing accomplice in the deception. As we are seeing in the current banking collapse, the lie is coming unravelled. For a decade, people have been sold “value”. The lie is that value is intrinsic. The operative component of credit is debt. At this time, the debate is restricted to who a commercial entity can borrow from, and how much. The fact remains that this process survives on revolving debt. The trap is sprung. For any nation, bank or business to escape liquidation, the debt must be retired. Since the standard procedure is to delay the outcome, we are seeing old debt being covered with new debt. This downward spiral becomes more destructive with each cyclic collapse. Bank failures and economic decline are just the tip of the iceberg. We are hearing that this crisis will end in a few months. Expect to see that optimistic forecast revised as new factors are revealed, this week.

     What is the measure of a man? The world measures a man by his ability to function in commerce. The material bottom line becomes the barometer of conscience. Dead things are elevated above the living. The world makes no distinction between life and death. If a war is required to protect the balance sheet, war happens. If the removal of people from the land advances the corporate material agenda, we see famine, disease and civil war. Media tells the people that a new order requires the sacrifice of the many for the common good, people gladly consent to participate in murder. The rationalization is always that world events are too big for them to seriously consider. After all, to object could jeopardize the standard of living. If a few million people on another continent disappear as the interests of developing the world are served, does the developed world really care? Perhaps such atrocities would get more media attention if they happened in the financial centers of the world. That is an observation of historical events, going back hundreds of years. The world isn’t as civilized as it pretends to be.

     Commerce is a very strange and unnatural environment. Such conflict in every little detail places the mind in a state of continuous mistrust. Repeated betrayal by those in authority creates a disconnected and disoriented perception. Nothing is as it appears. Corrupt authority figures combine with an administrative structure to create an evermore and increasing state of immorality and amorality. The cultures of the world are being homogenized by this process of dehumanization.

     In a system of floating objectives and agendas, no one is permitted to know what to believe about life and social structure. The education industry produces programmed robots, devoid of independent thought or knowledge of history. History has always been revised to suit the purpose of the present power structure. This is the reason for the institutionalized aversion to absolute standards of conduct. For humanity to be manipulated into the unified path to destruction, all that is required is for people to believe that they are accountable to no higher authority than themselves.

     How does the individual fit into the environment of Commerce?

     The only allowed means of access into commerce is by legal trust, a ficticious entity created by private contract, in private law. Since a legal trust is not a flesh and blood, living being, it does not have the same rights. A legal trust can be liquidated and terminated without incurring the penalties of the natural law, i.e., standing trial for murder. Such actions are common practice in private law. An individual can be destroyed through any number of legal means. This activity inspired the truism that all that is lawful is not legal, and all that is legal is not lawful. It is in the great grey area between the two that every atrocity in history is committed. The justification for every conflict is that some people are worth less than others. This product of private law is so contrary to natural law that people do not recognize the boundaries any longer. People instantly play the role of corporate agent. They instinctively go forth to conquer everyone and everything in front of them. People who are ordinarily people of conscience see uncontracted people as outsiders and criminals.

     Quick Observation

 The only answer that makes sense in today’s news is that private interests are about to finance bailouts and everyone’s homes are being pledged as collateral against the debt. The planned collapse of the U. S. Dollar will result in the seizure of property by the rich men of the earth. This is where people find out that they never really owned their property, They have literally traded their land and wealth for debt and promises. Caught in the grip of corporate Fascism, they now think like beggars. They wait in line for the mercy of their masters. By covering old debt with new debt, people become consenting conspirators in fraud. Instead of finding peace and safety, they will find themselves homeless on the land their fathers settled. Their calamity shall come upon them. Today was proof that everything is right on schedule. The vote on the bailout plan falls through. Private capital will be raised to push it through. Then, watch the bank foreclosures and tax seizures escalate. The wealth of the U. S. will be transferred to foreign interests and the tent cities and soup kitchens will multiply. People today are no more intelligent than they were in 1929. It actually seems that people are more gullible than they were, then. To think that people would stake their security on the promises of men is hard to fathom. It is no wonder that people are ruled by tyrants. They abdicate their responsibilties and get robbed blind. Dereliction of duty does not get anyone a commuted sentence. To ignore circumstances is to invite disaster.

     Watching people reap what they’ve sown is never pleasant. To do nothing and get carried away in the calamity is worse. Obviously, taking steps to get clear of the economic collapse is the right course of action. Food and water storage, the ability to grow your own food, and a barter system independent of the currency systems are all vital to survival. The world as we have known it, is gone.

     Commerce never ceases to amaze me. The corporate structure sets out to lie, cheat and steal to float the bailout plan. Failure was marked by coming up a week late and $700 Billion Federal Reserve Notes short. The failure of the central banks to even come up with fake money is a vivid illustration of the inevitability of corrupted and dishonest people being caught in their own iniquity. The corporate structure has been caught out in broad daylight, naked with nothing to cover it’s shame. At this moment, extreme pressure is being applied to coerce the world into believing that a currency system flawed in it’s foundation, can be repaired. A house built in quicksand will certainly sink beneath the surface, to be quickly forgotten. All that floats it is the lie that the currency has value in itself. Every paper currency is a representation of something else. In this case, Federal Reserve Notes represent the property and resources pledged as collateral against the debt. The Federal Reserve System has never allowed itself to be audited. Trust without accountability to independent audit is by definition, blind faith. The result is a series of economic collapses, each followed by armed conflict. Participation in the false system of weights and measures is, in itself, complicity in the destruction of the world.

     As the world waited for the vote in the House of Representatives, no clearer evidence of fraud exists than the bailout plan. It is a clear statement to those who chose to be U.S. citizens that they are to shut up, pay their taxes, mind their places in the chain gang and pay the debt they volunteered to pay. All of the sorry, ignorant people who were duped into slavery by a corrupt corporation have no one to blame than themselves. U.S. citizens have betrayed their neighbors, stolen from each other at Federal gunpoint and trespassed by legislation. U.S. citizens will feel the cold steel of their shackles on their wrists and ankles. They have traded their independence for Socialist servitude. Cities are the new internment camps. U.S. citizens will do as they are told or starve to death in the cold darkness. They will either submit to the plan and be team players, or be liquidated. That is always the end result of a deal with organized evil. We will see in the coming days, evil take posession of it’s property. If anyone has the slightest twinge of conscience, they are obligated to withdraw their consent and never again participate in the crimes of the corporate structure.

     With the bailout plan signed into law, there seems to be no sigh of relief. At best, people seem to be relieved that the supermarket shelves won’t be empty and they will still be able to find fuel for their vehicles, next week. The most interesting aspect of this process is that there seems to be more incentive for people to take on a greater debt load. This is the aspect of human nature that draws people into substance abuse. At best, people postpone discomfort in favor transitory comfort. This abdication of personal responsibility is a very real act of fraud and embezzlement. The only reason that exposure and conviction doesn’t take place is because the corporate structure is made up entirely of co-conspirators. No one is going to jeopardize their position in the food chain. It is interesting to see the predatory and cannibalistic behavior in the financial markets, today. The musical chairs analogy is quite appropriate. The one without a chair when the music stops is abandoned without remorse. That one could be your employer, your bank or the distribution structure that supplies your lifestyle. Everyone is whistling past the graveyard at midnight.

The news confirms everything written in this series. A basic principle of commerce is the application of intimidation and extortion. Wars are fought financially, long before they are fought militarily. The results are the same, in practice. Surrender and submission are always the end condition. Reports are that Congress was threatened with a depression, the DJA dropping 2 to 3,000 points immediately, and martial law, if the bailout plan was not passed. It is evidence of the corporate practices of extortion, blackmail and racketeering being institutionalized in the operations of government. What began with the criminal establishment of a private banking structure in 1913 has expanded in a global implementation of the plan for world conquest. Corruption recognizes no national boundaries. Wherever you live, your country is being conquered. Individual conscience must now direct individuals to escape the coming destruction. Only by recognizing the things that are real can escape from false authority be accomplished. Participation in the world financial system will result in the end of peace in a rational, moral world.

     On the surface, an economic crisis appears to be a comedy of errors, played out with incredible incompetence. In truth, history teaches us that it is really a carefully planned transfer of wealth. It always begins with the lie that is paper currency and ends with people separated from wealth, produced from the land. It is a most glaring example of dysfunctional expectations that people are reassured by an increase in the cause of the problem, worthless paper. Today, the admission that printing trillions of dollars in paper would not solve this problem came as a prophetic warning of the trouble ahead. No economy has ever inflated it’s way out of financial insolvency. At some point, only real assets can retire debt. Countries lose their land, mineral resources and the ability to produce manufactured goods. It is a sad time in history when an economic structure has nothing that anyone would want. To approach a problem from a severely weakened position is to ensure failure. It is obvious that the world has not retained the understanding of he lessons of the Great Depression. The actions of the recent past did nothing to undo the damage that has been done. People have been monetized and sold n the marketplace.